Path: Top » S3-Dissertations

SUCCESS STORY PENDERITA GAGAL GINJAL TERMINAL DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN KARIR DI BAWAH ANCAMAN KEMATIAN: Kajian dramaturgi pada penderita ggal ginjal di terminal Rumah Sakit Islam Jakarta

success story of people who suffer from terminal kidney failure in maintaining their career on the brink of death

20 Mei 2016
PhD Theses from JBPTUNPADFIKOM / 2016-10-25 13:54:40
Oleh : Iwan supriyadi/170130110042, Communication Science (iwan159@yahoo.com)
Dibuat : 2016-09-15, dengan 0 file

Keyword : Komunikasi Kesehatan
Subjek : Success Story Penderita Gagal Ginjal
Kepala Subjek : Komunikasi Terapetik
Sumber pengambilan dokumen : K3K. 0133

Disertasi ini berjudul success story penderita gagal ginjal terminal (pGGT)

dalam mempertahankan karir dibawah ancaman kematian, studi dramaturgi pada

PGGT di Rumah Sakit Islam Jakarta, bertujuan untuk mengetahui sisi lain

kehidupan PGGT, perilaku, dan pengelolaan kesan ketika melaksanakan aktivitas

ditempat ia bekerja dalam mempertahankan karirnya. Pendekatan penelitian

digunakan adalah kualitatif, dengan paradigma kostruktivisme dengan jenis

peneiitian dramaturgi. Subyek penelitian adalah PGGT yang masih aktif bekerja

pada perusahaan yang berada di seputar Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta dan di

Depok Jawa Barat, yang dipilih secara purposif. Pengumpulan data diperoleh

melalui wawancara mendalam, pengamatan, dan studi pustaka.

Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sisi lain kehidupan PGGT dalam

beraktivitas merupakan wilayah belakang dari dramaturgi terlihat melalui interaksi

sosial dengan lingkungan sekitar rumahnya. Ada memilih menghindari dalam

berinteraksi sosial, dan ada juga yang masih aktif berinteraksi sosial. Lingkup sisi

lainnya tercermin pada kondisi hubungan dalam keluarga penderita gagal ginjal

terminal, ada memiliki hubungan keluarga harmonis, dan ada juga memiliki

hubungan keluarga kurang harmonis. Kondisi tersebut sedikit banyak terlihat

bagaimana cara berdiskusi dalam keluarga ada mendominasi, dan ada kesetaraan.

Pola aturan makan sebelum cuci darah lebih pada melanggar aturan pola makan.

Kemandirian penderita gagal ginjal terminal ada ketergantungan, dan ada

kemandirian. Adapun pengendalian emosi diri penderita gagal ginjal terminal ada

emosi meledak-ledak, dan ada emosi terkendali.

Perilaku PGGT ketika melaksanakan aktivitas ditempat bekerja merupakan

wilayah depan dari dramaturgi ditumbuhkan kesan penerimaan dirinya oleh

lingkungan kerja. Kesan penerimaan itu sendiri, Ada yang memberikan kesan

empati, ada yang memberikan kesan biasa saja. Keterbukaan pada penyakitnya

berdasarkan kenyamanan dirinya di lingkungannya dalam bersikap ada yang

bersikap tertutup, dan ada yang bersikap terbuka. Sikap dan tanggapan yang

dirasakan dipengaruhi oleh simbol-simbol penyakitnya yang menjadikan ada yang

lebih perhatian, ada yang biasa saja. Adapun pengaruh penyakitnya pada kinerja

pekerjaannya ada yang tidak menghambat, ada yang sebagian menghambat, dan ada

yang menghambat. Komitmen PGGT pada pekerjaannya ada yang lebih

mementingkan perusahaan, ada mementingkan kedua belah pihak, dan ada juga

mementingkan pribadi.Adapun kepedulian menjaga penampilan dalam mendukung

pekerjaannya ada yang sewajarnya, ada yang perhatian, ada juga kurang peduli.

Adapun gaya dalam bekerja dan berinteraksi ada yang kerjasama, ada yang kurang

berperan, dan ada juga yang dominan.

Pengelolaan kesan PGGT ketika melaksanakan aktivitas ditempat kerja

dilakukan dengan bentuk komunikasi verbal dan komunikasi nonverbal. Terdapat

satu kategori pengelolaan kesan informan yaitu kesan "keakraban" pada

komunikasi verbal. Sedangkan penggunaan komunikasi secara nonverbal terdapat

ada tiga kategori pengelolaan kesan informan yaitu kesan wibawa, kesan eksklusif,

dan kesan pekerja keras.

Kata kunci: Komunikasi kesehatan, dramaturgi, Gagal ginjal terminal, Karir

Deskripsi Alternatif :

This dissenation is entitled success story of people who suffer from terminal kidney failure in

maintaining their career on the brink of death, a dramaturgy research on people with terminal kidney

failure at Jakarta Islamic Hospital. The purpose of this research is to learn the preparation and

behavior of people with terminal kidney failure and their motives in their workplaces in order to

maintain their career. This research employs dramaturgy research approach. The subjects of this

research are people with terminal kidney failure who are still actively working on companies located

Jakarta, DKI Jakarta and Depok, West Java. They were selected purposely based on some particular

criteria and their willingness to explore the social interaction in their workplace. The methods of

data collection in this research is observation and in-depth interview.

The result of this research shows that the other side of the people who suffer from terminal

kidney failure's life have their activities in the enviromnent around of the house with social

interaction is back stage of dramaturgy. The researcher found that there are two major activities that

they perform as part of their social interaction. Some of them prefer to avoid social interaction, and

some other prefer still active in social interaction. The scope of other side is reflected on the living

conditions of family relationships of the people who suffer from terminal kidney failure, some of

them have a harmonious family relationship, and some of other less harmonious relationship. Under

these conditions a little more visible how the discussion in the family, there are who playa dominat,

and also who appreciate the equality role in discussion. The patterns of people who suffer from

terminal kidney failure dietary more than breaking the rules of doctor. The ability of the suffers who

are manage independency in their lives, some of them have independency, and some of them always

dependency to other parties. The other ability of the people who suffer from terminal kidney failure

are control emotions in their home, some of them have explosive emotions, and some of other have

under control emotions.

The result of the research shows that the behavior of people with terminal kidney failure in their

workplaces is grown by the acceptance of their self-image by their surroundings as front stage of

dramaturgy. The researcher found that some of their co-workers show sympathy for the them and

some other behave in a casual manner towards them. The openness about their disease is influenced

by whether they feel comfortable with their surroundings, which is matter of choice. Some are

discreet about their condition and some other are open about it. Attitudes and perceptions of others

towards them are influenced by the symbols of their disease, which make some of their co-workers

more caring and some other treat them casually. Therefore, the impression of acceptance, openness

about their disease, and the attitudes and responses are influenced by the extent of the emotional

support they receive in their workplace in forms attention, empathy, and concem that give them

comfort. It was also found that their working performances are affected by the disease they suffer

from, but some other are not hindered by it. Some of sufferers commit their works to the corporate

interest rather than personal one, but there are also those who work for both. It was also found that

some of them are very aware of keeping up their appearances in maintaining their job, some are

indifferent, and some other do not really care about it Some of them are able to cooperate with their

co-workers and some other are less cooperative, but there are also those who playa dominant role in

their workplaces.

The resuJt also shows that the impression management of people with terminal kidney failure in

their workplaces is carried out in two forms, i.e. verbal and nonverbal communication. In their

workplaces, they use verbal communication in a particular way to overcome the stigma of the

disease that they suffer from. There is one categories of impression management, i.e. "friendly"

impression. The use of nonverbal communication maintain their working performances in a certain

way in order to overcome the stigma. There are three categories of impression management of this

form, i.e. exclusive, hard working, and impression of prestige .

.Keywords: health communication, dramaturgy, terminal kidney failure, career

ii

Beri Komentar ?#(0) Bookmark
PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherJBPTUNPADFIKOM
OrganisasiCommunication Science
Nama KontakLibrary and Knowledge Center
AlamatFak. Ilmu Komunikasi
KotaDjatinangor
DaerahJawa Barat
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon(022) 7797740 Ekst 39-40
Fax(022) 7796954
E-mail Administratorinfo[at]fikom.unpad
E-mail CKOinfo[at]fikom.unpad

Print ...

Kontributor...

  • Dr. Susanne Dida, M.M

    Prof. Dr. Mien Hidayat, M.Si

    Dr. Yanti Setiani, M.Si, Editor: Sukandi, S.Sos.